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AVOCADO TREE Persea americana

The Many Varieties of Avocado Trees How Pollination of A type B type Avocados works When to Pick Avocados Avocado Cross Pollination Compares Each of the Different Varieties of Avocado Trees Can Avocado Trees Fruit All Year Round

A valuable commercial crop, the avocado tree thrives on rich well-drained soil. Due to flowering habits, avocado varieties are categorized into A and B groups. One variety is sufficient to produce adequate crops for the home garden, however by planting a tree from both groups the harvest will be much greater. Avocados begin to ripen once picked and may take up to 10 days to reach maturity.
Fruits are rich with oily flesh and are delicious eaten when fully ripe in sandwiches, salads.  Guacamole is a famous blend of mashed avocado flesh, lemon or lime juice, onion, garlic, pepper and chili, it makes a very tasty dip. 
Avocados are very fussy about their soil conditions and will not tolerate wet feet or heavy soils, it is essential to prepare the ground for an avocado well before planting.  Young trees are susceptible to sunburn and damage from frost so  a small shelter while they establish is a very good idea.

Advanced Information

Avocado Factsheet - Explains A & B types, Location & Planting, Pruning and much more.

Dwarf as branches grow Horizontal not Vertical in the shade

Dwarf Avocado - Pinkerton (A)

A small seeded rounded fruit with the later crop being more pear-shaped. The fruit is medium sized with green leathery pliable skin. The thick flesh has a smooth-texture, good flavour and high oil content. It shows some cold tolerance and bears consistently heavy crops. H June to August
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$39.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available
Avocado - Seedling

Avocado - Seedling

Seedling avocado we use as a rootstock. Very hardy strong growing seedling producing large fruit. Being a seedling expect a quick growing hardy tree, but don't expect fruit for 5-10years.
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$17.90 0 Seedling 4litre Email Me When Available
The Larger Avocado Tree with well known flavour

Avocado - Hass (A)

Most popular variety due to both its superior taste and excellent keeping qualities. The medium sized fruit is pear-shaped with an excellent creamy nut flavored flesh, no fiber and a seed held tightly in its cavity. The leathery rough dark-purple skin turns to black when ripe. H Aug-Dec
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$34.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available
Avocado - Sharwill (B)

Avocado - Sharwill (B)

A medium sized fruit with rough green skin closely resembling the Fuerte but slightly more oval in shape. The fruit has a rich flavour, good oil content and small seed. The Sharwill represents up to 20% of all avocadoes grown in NSW, is a regular and moderate bearer with excellent quality fruit. Sensitive to frost. H June, Aug
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$34.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available
wurtz dwarf avocado tree

Dwarf Avocado - Wurtz (A)

A small tree to about 4m popular for the back yard. A moderate cropper of medium sized rich, high quality fruit. Pear-shaped with dark green skin using Guatamalan rootstock. Aug - Oct
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$39.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available
Avocado - Hass Seedling

Avocado - Hass Seedling

Seedling avocado selected from the Hass Variety. It will not grow true to type but a good choice if you wish to establish a strong growing tree, more vigorous than a grafted variety. Try cincturing to force early cropping.
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$19.75 0 Seedling 4litre Email Me When Available
Avocado Sheppard

Avocado - Sheppard (B)

A small to medium pear-shaped fruit with thick, green skin that peels easily. The fruit has an excellent flavour, medium oil content and does not turn brown when cut. The tree has a spreading habit and is a high yielding. It displays good resistance to frost and anthracnose. H Feb/March
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$39.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available In Production
Avocado - Secondo

Avocado - Secondo (A)

A late selection that produces a pear shaped green skinned fruit with a Hass like textured skin. The fruit is of excellent quality with a rich creamy texture. Hardy vigorous variety that sets well by itself. This is a local selection with Hass and Sharwill as parents. H Aug - Dec
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$39.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available In Production
Avocado Fuerte

Avocado - Fuerte (B)

Pear shaped fruit, small to medium in size with slightly rough, thin green skin. The flesh is of a buttery texture with excellent flavour. The tree has a vigorous spreading habit that shows alternate bearing characteristics. Harvest April - June
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$39.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available In Production
Avocado Reed compliments of filtrable grid

Avocado - Reed (A)

Large, round , thick skinned variety with a smooth, green skin. They have a mild to rich flavour and have a good storing ability once cut and placed in the fridge. They are also a great choice for using in salads as they tend not to go mushy as does a Hass when very ripe. H Aug - Dec
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$39.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available In Production
Cold Climate Avocado Tree

Avocado - Bacon (B)

Upright vigorous avocado producing pear shaped fruit of medium quality. Most cold hardy variety, down to -5degC. Great for Victoria. H March - May
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$39.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available In Production
Avocado - Edranol (B)

Avocado - Edranol (B)

The flesh is a buttery yellow creamy flesh with a delicuous flavour.  The skin is dark with bright green bumps and is rough textured.  It grows best in coastal areas, in inland regions the skin turns russett brown. 
PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$34.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available Seeking Propagation Material
Avocado - Zutano

Avocado - Zutano

PriceAvail.PropPotBuy Options 
$34.00 0 Grafted 4litre Email Me When Available Seeking Propagation Material
Grown From Climate Height Frost tol. Pollination req'd Evergreen/Deciduous Harvest period
4-8 Medium Beneficial Evergreen April - December
 

Customer Comments on Avocado Tree

Tree Information on growing, planting, pruning, maintenance, ripening, taste, pick or bonsai tips. But mainly how to grow a Avocado Tree Share Your Advice or ask questions on our Forum

Avocado

Has grows and yields well and stays on tree 12 mths if left, Fuerte grows but rarely sets fruit in windy weather, Bacon is self fertile in our area and yields well | Anthony Miceli - Mornington, VIC 20-Feb-2006

Avocado Tree

Hi, I just want to point that avocado is not native to South America. In fact its origin is North/Central America (Mexico and Guatemala). In Brazil people eat it in in halves sweetened with sugar and with a bit of lemon juice to add a sour taste. | Ricardo Pollastrini - João Pessoa - Brazil, PB 14-May-2007

Avocado Tree

Spread it on butterd toast with salt and pepper a very nice snack | Scott - Caboolture, QLD 21-Aug-2007

Avocado Tree

There is a problem with the guatemalan rootstock used at daleys. that being in frosty areas the scion lives (hass and fuerte), but the stock dies. If a mexican rootstock were used then im sure my plants would have lived. Till then ill grow in large tubs | Reville - Tabulam, NSW 18-Nov-2007

Avocado Tree

Mexican rootstock is more cold hardier, the rootstock we used has been used for 20 years in the hort industry. Fuerte and Hass are guatamalan hybrid avo varieties and they will not be much hardier than the guatamalan rootstock. | Greg Daley - Kyogle, NSW 20-Nov-2007

Avocado Tree

Best place to plant avocado trees are on hills. They like drainage. | Anna Quante - Valley Center, CA 06-May-2008

Avocado Tree

Avocado trees are not necessary Central American. I have seen them in the hills of Chile at latitude 40 south, where they are as tall as Blue Gums and get covered by snow. | Gabriel Salas - Maitland, NSW 07-May-2008

Avocado Tree

I live in geelong and want to know which avacado grows best if i chose to grow one | Keb Sheridan - Geelong, VIC 14-Jun-2008

Avocado Tree

Belinda, If you don't get frosts then the Wurtz variety would be best although you still need a huge pot. If you do get frosts you should get a Bacon avocado. | Correy - Brisbane, QLD 03-Jul-2008

Avocado Tree

Denise, The smallest avocado tree is the Wurtz. It's an 'A' type & should grow ok in Rocky. I'd put in a Hass 'A' & Sheppard 'B'as well:-) | Brendan - Mackay, QLD 26-Oct-2008

Avocado Tree

Alice, The small hard lumps on the inside of the avocado skin means the tree is lacking Boron (Borax). Sprinkle ~1 handful to the sq. metre under the canopy & water in. Hope that helps. | Brendan - Mackay, Queensland 26-Oct-2008

Avocado Tree

What would be good to grow in adelaide? I just want one tree and to grow it in a pot. We have been having frosts the last couple of winters as the suburb we live in is on the Adelaide plains north of the city. | Desiann Dalton - Paralowie, Adelaide, SA 28-Oct-2008

Avocado Tree

Persea Americana I have just planted one in a fairly large pot...Here's hoping...any tips? | Ann Turnbull - Perth, W.A 15-Nov-2008

Avocado Tree

Does anyone have experience with using a product called 'Yates Anti Rot' to prevent Phytophthora Cinnamomi root rot disease in avocados? I'd like to know if it's suitable and does work. I've read it works if you spray the leaves? Help. | Brendan - Mackay, QLD 28-Dec-2008

Avocado Tree

I've heard about old-time gardeners up Nth Qld planting two avocado trees in the SAME hole. e.g., a Hass (type A) and a Shepard (type B) with excellent results. The person relating the story said 'they bear like mad'. Maybe worth a try.? | Brendan - Mackay, Queensland 30-Dec-2008

Avocado Tree

Brendan thanks for you feed back I was told that you have to plant 2 trees so you have a m/f. is this correct. | Denise Hassam - Rockhampton, QLD 04-Jan-2009

Avocado Tree

Denice, we call avocado trees type 'A' and type 'B'. Most avocado trees will bear by themselves, but you get more fruit if you plant BOTH a type 'A' and a type 'B'. Just have a look at what Daleys have for sale, and you'll find both type 'A' & 'B'. | Brendan - Mackay, QLD 08-Jan-2009

Avocado Tree

Can anyone tell me if Avocado will grow as far north as Townsville? | Brad - Townsville, QLD 14-Feb-2009

Avocado Tree

Brad, the main variety for up north is Shepard, it's a type 'B'. I have Shepard, Hass type 'A', Edranol type 'B', & Reed Type 'A' growing here in Mackay. The Hass is struggling a bit, but the others are growing real well. Try Walden, Hazzard & Pinkerton. | Brendan - Mackay, Q 22-Feb-2009

Avocado Tree

Brad, Sheppard is the main variety for north. Try also Edranol, Fuerte, Hass, Pinkerton, Reed & Walden. | Brendan - Mackay,q., 4740 01-Mar-2009

Avocado Tree

Bob, Pinkerton is the one you're after, it's an 'A' type that can handle the cold to -5ºC. | Brendan - Mackay, Q., 4740 01-Mar-2009

Avocado Tree

I planted an avo pip.Its now about 5m 4yrs,no fruit.Is there away to tell variety from leaf? | Mike Mackenzie - Sydney, NSW 23-Mar-2009

Avocado Tree

Sorry Mike, don't think so. Because yours is a seedling, it WILL be an 'unknown' variety. It could be a good avo, or may be useless, huge seed, thin flesh etc. To help it bear quicker, give it a bit of Phosphorous (P) and Potassium (K), then mulch thickly | Brendan - Mackay, QLD 19-Apr-2009

Avocado Tree

In frosty areas try planting under a well established buddleia the droopping branches protect the seedling when young and grow up through the bush..thusfar is working exceptionally well | Kim Harvie - Bundarra, NSW 05-May-2009

Avocado Tree

Hi Rose, you won't get a Fuerte tree from a Fuerte seed. Read my info to Mike above. You can grow the Fuerte pip, then graft a Fuerte scion onto that, if you want a Fuerte tree. | Brendan - Mackay, QLD 05-Jul-2009

Avocado Tree

I planted a pit from an avocado of Puerto Rico. It is fifteen feet tall is over20 years old look beautiful but no fruit | Antonio Diaz - Madrid , SPAIN 14-Oct-2009

Avocado Tree

Hi Antonio, cut it back by 1/3rd, give it some Sulphate of Potash, Blood & Bone, gypsum, epsom salts & zinc, mulch well to the dripline plus a bit more (keep the mulch away from the trunk) | Brendan - Mackay, , QLD. 28-Oct-2009

Avocado Tree

Hi. I recently bought a 'lamb hass'. It's about 1m tall, in a pot. Will it bear fruit on it's own? Or do I need to get a partner for it? (I'm assuming the lamb hass is an 'A', just like the regular hass). Thanks! | Tanya K. - , 10-Dec-2009

Avocado Tree

Bought Bacon (B) in October. Planted in a larger pot with good potting mix and good drainage. But the tips are browning. I dont over water or dont let it dry out. Any ideas how to get it back? Thnks | Nil - Melbourne, VIC 11-Dec-2009

Avocado Tree

Can anyone give advice on the best avocado to grow in north-west Sydney? I have deep, well-drained soil and north-west aspect. A few light frosts in winter. | Simon Ward - Rouse Hill, NSW 17-Jan-2010

Avocado Tree

Old avocado tree and no fruits? Hit and shake its trunk at night time and (talk to it and explain :-)), observe and wait. My neighbour got fruits that way.Unbelievable! But true. | L Villar - Bradenton, FL 26-Jan-2010

Avocado Tree

Alice - Hard bits in Avo. Have bought a property with avos that received lots of NPK fertiliser. The fruit had lots of hard bits. We stopped NPK and used more natural fertilisers (or none) and the hard bits disappeared. Never had any in the last 5 years | Adrian Hofmann - Springbrook, QLD 10-Feb-2010

Avocado Tree

I grew avos in south africa,in a sub tropical climate.used to dig in iron fillings once a year.had to support branches to prevent breakage.seems to make the trees bear in abundance | Shaun Porter - Perth, WA 27-Jan-2011

Avocado Tree

Seedlings or grafted - Avocado trees die quickly due to root rot, even in sandy soils | Carl Ramirez - Kensington, NSW 15-Feb-2011

Avocado Tree

Have about 7 seedling trees that all started bearing in their 3rd year. I have access to a white flesh variety, very creamy texture. Will swap seed for a yellow flesh type which is sweet (which I tasted once at a Healthy Soil weekend near Mareeba). | Sandi Feller - Atherton Tablelands , QLD 18-May-2011

Avocado Tree

Commercial growers withhold water to stress their trees, which makes them set heaps of fruit. One year one of my trees looked like it was dying -not many leaves, but masses of fruit. After a good wet, lots of lush leaves, but not much fruit. | Sandi Feller - Ravenshoe, N QLD 18-May-2011

Avocado - Pinkerton (A)

We had a pinkerton & a haas in Adelaide hills, the pinkerton produced masses of fruit, would recommend it | Helen Western - Blackwood, SA 16-Sep-2011

Avocado - Wurtz (A)

My poor Wurtz is now going really well. It spent a year in a pot, then I planted on a solid clay slope by mounding the soil around it. It was eaten almost to the ground by a roo. But now has small fruit on it and is looking really strong. | Gary - Uki, NSW 17-Oct-2011

Avocado - Wurtz (A)

Planted 1 month ago. Dug a hole 1 m in diameter and 70 cm deep in a sunny position. Soil was rocky and clay. Filled hole with an equal mix of cow, sheep, horse compost (not fresh manure), mixed in handful of gypsum to sweeten. Top growth in 1 mth. | I. Birkholz - Ormeau 4208, QLD 17-Jan-2012

Avocado Tree

I just moved to Young NSW and i want to plant an avocado tree, wich 1 will be best because it gets cold here and frosty | Maria Wakeford - Young, NSW 13-Nov-2013

Avocado Tree

If growing from seed tip at about 1.5 M and every tear till mature. This will stop from becoming leggy and making fruit inaccessible. | Ken Ford - Larnook, NSW 11-Jun-2014
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For Further Information:

Blog: Secondo Avocado Tree
Blog: Dwarf Avocado Trees - Fuss Pots
Avocado Maintenance Schedule
California Rare Fruit Growers
NSW DPI, AGFACTS - avocado Growing
NSW DPI , AGFACTS - avocado pests & diseases