Bush foods Australia

Category

Bush Food Plants

Fruit Trees > Bush foods Australia
No garden could require less maintenance but give more rewards than an Australian native bushfood garden. Often referred to in Australian slang as Bush Tucker, the plants are well adapted to our harsh climate and their hardiness sees little use for fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides. Most bush foods are small due to the small amount of water they contain however they are packed with plenty of goodness and flavour. The bushfood industry is a growing one, however as a very new industry it has had to tackle species research, toxicology, cultivation practices, harvesting methods, market potential, consumer education and distribution networks all at once so many commercial growers are required to find their own markets. For the home grower there is nothing quite as Australian as growing our native bush foods and using them to create a truly unique and fascinating Australian cuisine.

Bottle Tree - Broad-leaved

$16.90

A striking feature tree with the familiar swollen trunk of its cousin, having broad leaves and small enough for backyards with non-invasive roots. Long lived, semi deciduous, this tree originates in NW Qld, where it's found throughout the Brigalow Belt.

Aspen - Lemon

$23.90

Small to medium sized rainforest tree bearing aromatic and acidic fruit used in the bushfood industry. Lemon aspen fruit has a grapefruit and lime like flavour, and is popular in beverages, sauces and confectionery.

Atherton Oak

$14.90

This highly attractive tree is native to the highlands of Far North Queensland and up to Cape Tribulation. It is hardy outside of its natural range and will grow well in subtropical gardens that have enough space for a large, attractive specimen tree. The blue fruits are up to 4cm long and contain a woody-shelled nut with a large, crunchy edible kernal. Ripe in spring.

Australian Round Lime

$40.95

The round knobbly fruit, usually reaching 3.5-4 cm in diameter have a distinctive and recognisably citrus flavour, with a similar globular texture to the more commonly known Finger Lime. Also known as Dooja or Gympie lime. Occurs naturally on the fringe of lowland sub-tropical rainforests of southeast Qld, from Brisbane northwards. This slender tree can reach up to 15m in height and 6-8m in diameter with multiple trunks, making it the most vigorous of the native citrus. The round lime is suitable for including in cordials, sauces, marmalades and lime flavouring. The skin is very thick (up to 7mm) and has potential for culinary use, such as grating into spice pastes, or for candied peel and may also have potential for essential oil extraction.

Black Plum

$4.90 ($4.90-$12.75 choose a size)

Shrub or small tree whose leaves are dark green on the upper surface and yellowish below. Small yellow flowers are followed by shiny black berries for the birds in late summer and autumn. 4 to 10m

Bunya Nut

$17.90 ($4.90-$17.90 choose a size)

Handsome large tree for parks and gardens. Has large edible nuts and is cold tolerant. A symmetrical pine suitable for container growing when young. Full sun.

Burdekin Plum

$4.90 ($4.90-$17.90 choose a size)

This close relative of the Mango is a native tropical rainforest tree. The deep purple, fleshy, plum-like fruits need to be held for some days to soften and mellow before eating. Early settlers (probably taught by the Aborigines) were known to bury them in the ground which had the effect of softening them and increasing palatability. The fruit can be eaten raw, or used in wines, jams and jellies. The Burdekin plum is exceptionally hardy and can cope with long dry periods once it is established. It does however prefer free draining soil and lots of sunshine to perform well. Trees are monoecious and will usually set on their own, however they will produce much better yields if they are plants in small clusters of 2-3 trees.

Candle Nut

$17.90 ($14.90-$17.90 choose a size)

A north Qld native, this large rainforest tree has a spreading crown of large leaves. The brown fruit envelopes the highly nutritious nuts that are delicious roasted. Commonly used in Indonesian dishes, curry pastes and as a meat tenderiser. The nuts should not be eaten raw as the toxin in the oil can induce nausea and vomiting. The early settlers found that the high oil content of the nuts enabled them to burn with a smoky flame for up to 20 minutes.Weed Warning: This large rainforest tree is a north Qld native, however it is a very vigorous self seeder and can cause concern outside of its local area, producing an abundance of the brown fruit.

Cape York Turmeric

$19.75 ($19.75-$19.75 choose a size)

A beautiful native turmeric the rhizomes of which are eaten roasted by Aboriginals. Grows to 2m, yellow flowers with striking pink bracts.

Cedar Bay Cherry

$19.75

The fruit is very decorative due to its bright orange-red colour. They are also delicious, with sweet, soft flesh. The shrubs are very slow growing so they are perfect for growing in ornamental pots. They fruit from a young age, starting in their first or second year. This delicious fruit shows great potential for the exotic fruit and bush food markets due to the high quality of the fruit. They grow well in sunny or shaded positions requiring well drained soil, extra water and fertiliser will help to speed up it growth a little. Warning This species is susceptible to Myrtle Rust (Puccinia psidiisl)It has been observed in the field with moderate to severe damage and will require ongoing treatment to control the rust. For more information follow this link. http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/biosecurity/plant/myrtle-rust

Chocolate Lily

$17.75

When harvested young, the tubers of this native lily are juicy and sweet. Flowers are lilac coloured with a chocolate scent and are also edible. Found in a range of habitats with lower rainfall across southern Australia. For best results, grow in a rich loamy medium.

Cinnamon Myrtle

$14.90 ($14.90-$16.90 choose a size)

The leaves have a pleasant spicy cinnamon-like aroma and flavour. The attractive flowers are creamy coloured and star shaped, followed by star-like capsules. The cinnamon myrtle is well suited to the home garden. The tree is adaptable to a broad range of conditions and different soil types. Cinnamon myrtle is suitable for full-sun and semi-shade situations. The tree is tolerant of light frosts. Leaves can be harvested as sprigs for use in cooking. This is a specific selection for its flavouring qualities, and is the actual clonal variant that inspired the name cinnamon myrtle in the 1980s. Its used in savoury recipes, deserts, confectionary and herbal teas. The main essential oil isolate in cinnamon myrtle is elemicin, which is also a significant flavouring component in common nutmeg. Cinnamon myrtle can also be used in floristry.

Climbing Pandan

$12.90

Found in the moist forests of the Queensland coast, from the far north eastern corner of NSW to Cape York.  Where penetrating light allows it forms dense columns where it can obscure the trunk of its supporting tree.  The spiralling leaves with their prickly edges overlap at the leaf base, older branching stems are naked with wirey clinging roots which attached themselves to the supporting tree as this pandan climps into the canopy seeking out light.  The bright red fruits are both attractive and the flesh is edible but with the typical pandan sting to them.

Davidsons Plum - QLD

$21.90 ($4.90-$24.75 choose a size)

Outstanding small tree for warm position or indoors. Large pinnate leaves make it a striking specimen plant. The edible purple fruits have bright red flesh and make excellent jam. Prefers some shade. Fruits in the autumn and winter. The plum-sized fruit hang from the crown in panicles. Native to North QLD and SE QLD rainforests.

Eucalyptus - Strawberry Gum

$19.75 ($9.75-$19.75 choose a size)

The leaves have a strong aroma somewhat reminiscent of passion fruit or strawberries, used for flavouring and perfumery. Prefers full-sun conditions and well-drained soil, tolerant of low soil fertility. Natural occurs in montane woodlands near Tenterfield NSW. Medium-sized tree up to 10 metres. The tree is frost tolerant down to -8C degrees. Strawberry gum is ideal for temperate conditions but can also grow in subtropical conditions. Leaves can be harvested as required. Harvesting the leaves for culinary use and cut-foliage can done individually or by pruning branches back by 60-80 cm. Regular light pruning also maintains a shorter tree and denser canopy more suited for backyard situations. Use: The strawberry gum has several uses due to the presence of essential oils in the leaf and has been harvested commercially for flavouring and perfumery since the 1980s. Strawberry gum leaf is used to enhance the flavour of cooked fruit dishes and in deserts spiced jams and confectionary to bring-out the classic berry flavour. The leaf is used fresh or dried and as a ground spice. It can also be used in native herb teas and carbonated beverages. The main ingredient methyl cinnamate which imparts a fruity aroma and flavour and composes of up to 98% of the essential oil with ocimene being the remainder at 2%. The oil yield is very high varying from 2-6% fresh weight. When distilling a natural solvent needs to be added to the still during distillation to prevent methyl cinnamate crystals clogging the still.

Johnson River Almond - Elaeocarpus bancroftii

$14.90

Large attractive rainforest tree with edible kernals. Fruit approx 3cm across. Native to Nth Qld from sea level to 1000m.

Kangaroo Apple

$4.90

An attractive small shrub with purple flowers, that are follow by bright orange to red fruits that are edible when fully ripe, but caution should be taken with them as they are poisonous when green. It gets its name from the shape of the lobed leaves which resemble the shape of a kangaroo foot. Found on rainforest margins, it makes an excellent pioneer. Kangaroo apple also make a good rootstock for grafting other solanums onto such as eggplants and tamarillos.

Lemon Myrtle

$17.90 ($17.90-$19.75 choose a size)

The lemon myrtle occurs naturally throughout coastal Qld rainforests. It is a spectacular ornamental tree due to both its appearance and the superb fragrance of its flowers and leaves. The leaves and flowers are used in sweet and savoury dishes or as a refreshing tea. However as boiling or baking often reduces the flavour. The leaves are best added to the recipe at the end off the cooking process and either left to steam with the lid on or made into a sauce or dressing. It is usually the older and fully hardened-off leaves that are harvested for use. Enthusiasts describe the distilled oil from this tree as 'more lemony than lemon' and its used extensively to scent confectionery, perfumes, aromatherapy oil and food flavourings. Warning This species is susceptible to Myrtle Rust. It has been observed in the field with moderate to severe damage and will require ongoing treatment to control the rust. For more information follow this link. http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/biosecurity/plant/myrtle-rust

Lilly Pilly - Rain Cherry

$17.75

Attractive tree, masses of creamy-yellow flowers attract birds and are followed by bright pink-red fruits in profusion. They are edible and can be used in jams and preserves. Occurs as an understory tree in the rainforests of northern Australia, New Guinea and the Aru Islands.

Midyim - Copper Tops

$17.90 ($14.90-$17.90 choose a size)

A hardy spreading shrub with arching branches of green foliage and coppery new growth. It has masses of fluffy white flowers in late spring and early summer. The edible grey-white berries are delicious and are produced in autumn. At its best in a full sun to part shade spot, in moist but well drained soil. A tough plant that can withstand harsher conditions. responds well to pruning, which will encourage denser growth.

Mount White Lime

$19.75

Rare and thornless this native Australian lime resembles the fingerlime with it elongated finger-shaped fruits, but has broader leaves. Fruits are green skinned with greenish-white pulp. They have larger vesicles than fingerlimes and thicker skin with large oil glands like the round lime. Native to the foothills and upland rainforest of the Cape York Peninsula in Australia and Goodenough Island in Papua New Guinea. It grows in deciduous vine thickets as an under-storey shrub and has been recorded at a height of 15m. Due to its limited distribution, this species is now classified as rare and is protected.

Mountain Pepper

$19.75

Trial Product, Daley's is currently trialling this product, but we will not have them available for sale in the foreseeable future. If you are interested in this item please request the email notification from this page, but at this stage we cannot give you an estimated time of availability.Attractive aromatic shrub growing 2- 5 m high, it has attractive red stems. Plants are male or female with the small black berries ripening in the autumn. The leaf and berry are both dried and used as a spice. The berries are sweet first at first with a peppery aftertaste. Native to rainforest gullies from Tasmania north to the Barrington Tops where it prefers a cool climate.

Muntries

$14.90

Known as emu apples or native cranberries this is a low growing shrub found on the south coast of Australia. When ripe the berries are green with a red tinge and have the flavour of spicy apples. Muntries can be grown on a trellis to make the fruits easier to pick.

Native Currant

$17.75

A bushy self fertile shrub producing edible fruits that can be used for jellies, jams and syrups. When fruiting it's a stunning plant with red to black fruit hanging in bunches. Frost free location for this bush food.In cultivation it will grow to a smaller height.

Native lemongrass

$17.90

Cymbopogon ambiguus, or Australian lemon-scented grass, is a plant species in the family Poaceae. It has fragrant, bluish green grey leaves and fluffy seed heads. It is self-fertile. Cymbopogon ambiguus needs a sunny position. It can tolerate extreme dryness once established. Propagation is by division of clumps or from seed. Lemongrass can be grown in any soil and needs very little water. It grows to a height of 1.8 m. Do cut regularly for a luxuriant growth.

Native Wampee - Gregs

$14.75 ($4.95-$14.90 choose a size)

An evergreen shrub to 6m, native to eastern Australia where it is very rare. Leaves are lemon scented when crushed and form a dense canopy of shiny green foliage, white showy flowers followed by very attractive edible pale pinkish-white fruits.

Noni Fruit

$19.75 ($17.90-$19.75 choose a size)

Medicinally this odd looking fruit is said to cure everything from stone-fish wounds to digestive upsets to far more serious disease. A concoction from the bark, leaves, roots and fruit can be drunk. When ripe or overripe the skin of the fruit becomes almost translucent and the flesh turns soft to develop an unpleasant odour. The odour has led to nickname of the 'starvation fruit' due to the fact that you would have to be starving to eat it as a fresh fruit. Strictly tropical climate only.

NULLY PIGFACE - Belongil

$9.75

Uses:    Edible maroon berry with very high mineral levels, including potassium, magnesium, and calcium. It has a strawberry and kiwifruit taste, with a slightly salty edge. The fruit is typically eaten by squeezing and sucking the succulent pulp into the mouth, with the astringent skin being discarded. The fruit keeps well and makes an attractive garnish, and can be used in preserved foods like chutney.    Leaves are astringent, and can be used in pickles and other condiments.    Pulped leaves can also be used externally to relieve sunburn and marine stings.   Plant description and habitat:    An ornamental succulent coastal groundcover with fluorescent pink flowers, followed by maroon coloured  fruit. The leaves are sickle shaped. Grows naturally on coastal sand dunes.   Cultivation:    Grow in full sun locations for optimum fruiting. Prefers well-drained soils - sandy to friable loam. Mineral hungry - so feed with wood ash, lime, dolomite or compost a few times from spring to summer.

Orange Berry

$17.90 ($14.90-$17.90 choose a size)

Native to rainforest and vine thickets in tropical Australia to as far south as Bundaberg and spread into Asia this is an attractive small tree with tasty berries. Tiny white fragrant flowers are followed by small orange to pink juicy fruits that are sweet and honey flavoured with resinous overtones. Obviously related to the citrus family the foliage is glossy and aromatic. Perfect for use in a mixed screen or bush food garden the orange berry is also a host plant for the swallow tailed butterfly when the plant is young. Fruits make a delicious jam that taste similar to candied honey.

Palm - Walking Stick

$17.90 ($4.90-$24.75 choose a size)

This native miniature palm is found as an understorey throughout the subtropical rainforest's of Australia. Growth is very slow in it's initial stages but very worthwhile to nurture as it is very attractive as an indoor plant. Orange fruits are edible.

Pandanus - Native Screw Pine

$24.90 ($19.90-$24.90 choose a size)

An Australian native, the Screw Pine fruit pulp is used to flavour fruit-based desserts and sweet sauces, and is also used in jams and chutneys. Seeds can be eaten after roasting. The leaf fiber is used traditionally to make string and in basketry. Leaf shoots and root tips are also used as traditional medicines. It is not to be confused with Pandanus amaryllifolius, used in Asian cooking. Screw Pine fruit is high in beta-carotene and can help to prevent vitamin A deficiency. Screw pine tree is a very ornamental plant, well suited to backyard gardens as a feature tree. A small tree up to 6 m in height and 6 m wide the leaves spiral out from the central growing shoot. It has unique aerial prop roots that emerge from the trunk to support the tree as it grows. Screw pine grows naturally by the sea, and is well adapted to seaside conditions. There are male and female trees, with only female trees producing the fruit. The entire fruit is about 25 cm across, and resembles a pineapple. Screw pine is adaptable to a range of situations, including sites away from the coast. Generally preferring frost free, full sun conditions and well-drained soils, avoid poorly drained soils. It can take up to 20 years for female trees to produce the fruit, but is well worth it as the tree is a spectacular ornamental. To ensure that there is female and male trees for pollination, plant at least three seedling trees, but planting a group of five is also ideal if you have the space. Screw pine can be subject to die-back from planthopper (Jamella australiae) insect infestation. However, Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery stock is free of this insect pest due to our distance from established coastal specimens.

Peanut Tree

$4.90 ($4.90-$17.90 choose a size)

This tree produces leathery, boat-shaped pods that ripen throughout summer. They split open to display a beautiful, bright red interior that contains shiny, black, peanut-sized seeds which have a delicious, nutty flavour. It is a fast growing highly ornamental rainforest tree. Indigenous Australians ate the nuts both raw and roasted and used the fibrous bark to make nets.

Quandong - Desert

$24.90

Trial Product, Daley's is currently trialling this product, but we will not have them available for sale in the foreseeable future. If you are interested in this item please request the email notification from this page, but at this stage we cannot give you an estimated time of availability.Widely dispersed throughout the central deserts of Australia, the species and its fruit are refered to as quandong, one of our best known bush foods. The tree is a hemi-parasite requiring macro-nutrients from roots of hosts. The host should be surface rooted, evergreen, water storing, nutrient storing and with a high osmotic pressure. Olives, accacias and most Australian natives are good. Eucalytpus, conifers and citrus are not suitable hosts. The more trees and shrubs and groundcovers you have in your yard as host plants the happier the Santalum will be. Drought and salt tolerant. Host plant - Myoporum parvifolium.Known as the sweet quandong the flavour is tart and reminiscent of peach, apricot or rhubarb.

Raspberry - Atherton

$19.75 ($19.75-$19.90 choose a size)

Native to the highlands of far North Queensland, this raspberry is a sweet red-orange berry that grows on an upright suckering, sprawling ground cover with cane-like stems. It is delicious eaten fresh. Their popularity means they are often on supermarket shelves. The taste is milder than the European raspberry. The plant is very resilient to warmer growing conditions and can produce up to 3 kg per plant. It does need some management so it won't take over the garden, grow it where the suckers can be mowed over, or alternatively grow it in a large pot.

Sandalwood - Australian

$27.00 ($19.90-$27.00 choose a size)

Native to the semi-arid areas in Southwest Australia. It is traded as sandalwood for it aromatic oil and timber. The tree is a hemi-parasite requiring macro-nutrients from roots of hosts. The host should be surface rooted, evergreen, water storing, nutrient storing and with a high osmotic pressure. Olives, acacias and most Australian natives are good. Eucalytpus, conifers and citrus are not suitable hosts. The more trees and shrubs and ground covers you have in your yard as host plants the happier the Santalum will be. The kernal inside the hard shell is edible. Drought and salt tolerant. Host plant - Myoporum parvifolium

Small Leaf Tamarind

$21.90 ($4.90-$21.90 choose a size)

This small evergreen tree can be expected to reach 7-8m in an open garden environment providing a beautiful rich green spreading crown. As a mature tree will capture the eye with its interesting fruit from which the bright red-coated seeds emerge in mid summer. The tasty tangy fruit is a refreshing treat eaten raw or it can be used creatively in chutneys and sauces. Also makes a excellent specimen tub plant as a young tree.The first documentation of the Small Leaf Tamarind tree was in 1891. With only approximately 30 trees are left remaining in the wild of Northern NSW this endangered species is attracting quite a bit of attention both amongst the bush food enthusiast and the conservationists.

Wild Orange

$14.75 ($14.75-$14.90 choose a size)

Wild oranges are a tasty bush tucker food. Indigenous Australians made frequent use of it long before European arrival. It is green when unripe. When it ripens, it becomes soft and has a fragrant smell. The inside is yellow or orange. It is still commonly eaten in the desert today. Capparis mitchellii can grow up to six meters in height. The plant's flowers are large and coloured white or cream. It prefers sandy to clay loams but will grow on rocky hillsides. It is a host for the Caper White butterfly and is one of the preferred foods of the Spotted Bower Bird

Winter Apple

$4.90 ($4.90-$12.90 choose a size)

A reliable ground cover for many areas. Well suited to a range of soils provided drainage is reasonable, and is best located in a sunny position. Severe frosts may damage the plant but it will often recover quickly once the weather warms up. The small flowers occur in the leaf axils and are usually pale mauve but white and blue forms are also found. The main flowering period is summer but spasmodic flowering may occur at other times. The fleshy fruits that appear in autumn are perhaps the most attractive feature of the plant. They are about 1cm in diameter, green in colour with pink or reddish tones.
Category

Finger Lime

Fruit Trees > Bush foods Australia > Finger Lime

Microcitrus australasica
A delicate rainforest tree that naturally occurs as an understorey tree in SE Queensland and Northern NSW Australia. Finger Lime trees are erect trees growing up to 10 metres. The fruits can be green and cylindrical in shape, up to 100mm long and only about 20-30mm in diameter. They do have prominent thorns and do contain some seeds.They have a thin skin that ranges in colour from green, yellow, red, purple to even a black. The oil cells on the rind are small giving the fruit a great glossy appearance. The fruit contains an acid juice similar to that of a lime and has been rated by famous chefs as 'superior' to other limes.Juice vesicles are compressed and burst out (staying in one piece) when the skin of the fruit is cut, enabling them to be used in creative ways. Used in chutneys, jams, marmalades, savoury sauces and refreshing drinks. In great demand for culinary use as it displays well as a garnish. The fruits can also be frozen successfully without destroying the fruits flavour or texture on thawing, thus allowing us to have access to the fruits all year round. They make an excellent pot specimen.
Category

Lilly Pilly

Fruit Trees > Bush foods Australia > Lilly Pilly

Syzygium sp
Australia boasts over 60 different varieties of lilly pillies all of which appear to be edible. They range from a small bush to a large tree and are well respected for their spectacular ornamental qualities. Their tastes vary quite markedly but all have a high pectin content and are well suited to preserving. The trees make excellent screens, windbreaks, bird attractants or garden ornamentals.
Category

Macadamia Nut Tree

Fruit Trees > Nut Trees > Macadamia Nut Tree
Fruit Trees > Bush foods Australia > Macadamia Nut Tree

Macadamia species
It isn't any wonder that the macadamia nut tree from Australia is regarded as the best quality nut in the world. The nuts are sweet and can be enjoyed eaten raw, roasted, fried, chocolate coated, candied, made into nut butters, biscuits, cakes and pies. The two edible species M. tetraphylla (Northern NSW) and M. integrifolia(S.E. Qld) make up most of the commercial varieties below.
Category

Sandpaper Fig

Fruit Trees > Bush foods Australia > Sandpaper Fig

Ficus coronata
This small fig occurs along watercourses along the east coast of Australia. An attractive small tree with sandpapery leaves and edible fruit. Grows densely in full sun, less so in shade. Very good for stream bank stablilisation. The small figs are a tasty bush food and the leaves were used by Indigenour Australians to finish off their wooden tool.

Noni Fruit

$19.75 ($17.90-$19.75 choose a size)

Medicinally this odd looking fruit is said to cure everything from stone-fish wounds to digestive upsets to far more serious disease. A concoction from the bark, leaves, roots and fruit can be drunk. When ripe or overripe the skin of the fruit becomes almost translucent and the flesh turns soft to develop an unpleasant odour. The odour has led to nickname of the 'starvation fruit' due to the fact that you would have to be starving to eat it as a fresh fruit. Strictly tropical climate only.

Bottle Tree - Broad-leaved

$16.90

A striking feature tree with the familiar swollen trunk of its cousin, having broad leaves and small enough for backyards with non-invasive roots. Long lived, semi deciduous, this tree originates in NW Qld, where it's found throughout the Brigalow Belt.

Peanut Tree

$4.90 ($4.90-$17.90 choose a size)

This tree produces leathery, boat-shaped pods that ripen throughout summer. They split open to display a beautiful, bright red interior that contains shiny, black, peanut-sized seeds which have a delicious, nutty flavour. It is a fast growing highly ornamental rainforest tree. Indigenous Australians ate the nuts both raw and roasted and used the fibrous bark to make nets.

Macadamia Bush Nut

$17.90 ($4.90-$21.90 choose a size)

This was the first Australian native food plant to be grown by non-indigenous Australians as a commercial crop. Genetic diversity of this valuable nut species has been reduced significantly through land clearing. Very hardy and easily grown along most of Australia's east coast and even down into Victoria.

Macadamia - 344

$49.00

An upright tree with a dense canopy which requires protection from strong winds. An old variety with good quality nuts. Early season cropping.

Bush foods Australia Reviews & Tips

Star Rating

  • Postage Free Truck
  • Plant List
  • Calculate Freight
  • Daleys Fruit Tree Forum