Growing nut trees in Australia is not new with pecans and macadamias being one of our most successful commercial crops. The Macadamia is a native of southern Queensland and northern New South Wales and is the only Australian native tree to be developed into a commercial crop. The Pecan is a native of America and is among the best of the multi-purpose trees providing a valuable nut crop and an excellent long-term investment.
Chestnuts, Hazlenuts, Walnuts and Almonds are amongst the temperate group of nuts. We do not recommend them as commercially viable within the subtropics however they will bear adequate crops for the home orchardist.
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Fruit Trees > Nut Trees > Chestnut Tree
A chestnut tree is a fast growing, long lived, large deciduous tree that produces abundant crops of nuts during Autumn. Although regarded as a cold climate tree chestnuts can be grown in the subtropics provided they have well-drained soils to minimize their susceptibility to Phytophthora. Planting 2 varieties will ensure well-filled nut burrs. Seedling chestnuts are worthy of consideration and can start cropping after 4 years. Nuts are produced inside a very prickly husk, which splits open to reveal the nuts when they are ripe. Nuts are large, brown and shiny.Chestnuts are best eaten either boiled or roasted. To prepare them, boil whole in their shells for about 30 minutes, once they are cooked, cut the soft shell and the kernel can be scooped out. To roast them in the oven, open fire or microwave be sure to pierce the outer shell to prevent them from exploding. After cooking remove the outer shell and inner bitter tasting skin before eating.
Fruit Trees > Tropical Fruit Trees > Dwarf Coconut
Fruit Trees > Nut Trees > Dwarf Coconut
These high yielding precocious hybrid selections will grow outside of the tropics, in a warm and sheltered position. Worth trying in coastal locations as far south as Coffs Harbour. They will require free draining soil and are best planted deep with a deep organic mulch surrounding them. The seed palms originate from the Solomon Islands mainly, although a few exceptional specimens are selected from North Queensland. These varieties are capable of flowering in their third year in moist tropical conditions, with fruits in their forth year.
Fruit Trees > Nut Trees > Ginkgo Tree
Rainforest Trees Native & Ornamentals > Shade and Ornamental Trees > Exotic > Ginkgo Tree
The Ginkgo tree is used extensively as a landscape tree due to its picturesque, unusual shaped crown and autumn coloured foliage. The trees become large making them ideal shade trees. The trees can take around 20-30 years to bear nuts, however grafted trees may bear in as little as 8 years. The sweet nuts taste like a large pine nut, a cross between potatoes and sweet chestnuts when baked. The outer coat of the fresh seeds contain oils that may cause mild dermatitis in some humans, so when picking them up wear latex gloves. The seeds are usually steamed until the hard shell cracks open, then the kernel removed and eaten like pistacho nuts, or used in pilaf, porridges, soups, vegetable dishes or mixed with rice, tofu, mushrooms and stir-fried vegetables.
Fruit Trees > Nut Trees > Hazelnut Tree
The Hazel Nut Tree or Filberts are highly nutritious and if you live in the cooler parts of Australia they are certainly worth growing. Cross pollination is required for Hazelnut trees so you need to plant at least two to ensure nut set. The pollen is transfered between the trees by the wind. Trees require cool, moist winters with sufficient chill to break the dormancy of the flowering and vegatative buds about 700 to 900 hours and cool summers. They like a light, sandy or gravely soil with a PH of around 6 to 6.5, the soil must be well drained but still retain moisture, organic mulches will both help to retain the moisture in the soil and add vital nutrients. Hazelnuts can be eaten fresh or roasted and used in spreads and cereals. Ground into flour and added to breads and biscuits adds a delicious nutty flavour. Hazelnuts have many good health benifits, they are very high in vitamin E, an antioxident and cholesterol lowering fats, they are also high in calcium and protein.
Fruit Trees > Nut Trees > Macadamia Nut Tree
Fruit Trees > Bush foods Australia > Macadamia Nut Tree
It isn't any wonder that the macadamia nut tree from Australia is regarded as the best quality nut in the world. The nuts are sweet and can be enjoyed eaten raw, roasted, fried, chocolate coated, candied, made into nut butters, biscuits, cakes and pies. The two edible species M. tetraphylla (Northern NSW) and M. integrifolia(S.E. Qld) make up most of the commercial varieties below.
Fruit Trees > Nut Trees > Pecan Tree
Pecan Nut Trees are among the best of the multi-purpose trees providing a valuable nut crop and an excellent long-term investment. The trees are long lived and unlike other commercial crops don't have to be replaced in the short to mid term. Although most varieties are self pollinating (SP), planting 2 varieties one from each group will ensure optimum cross pollination. Pecan cultivars differ in the order male and female flowers mature. When pollen is shed early, before the female flowers are receptive, the cultiver is called protandrous (Type A), when pollen is shed late the cultivar is called protogynous (Type B).
Fruit Trees > Nut Trees > Pine Nut Tree
The Pine nut tree is often called the 'Stone Pine'. This name apparently comes from the idea that this tree grows well in stony ground. An attractive large pine tree that bears cones of edible nuts considered a delicacy. Grows best in dry cold areas. Trees can be expected to start producing cones from about year 6, but one planting in New Zealand produced its first cones after 3 1/2 years. Each cone holds about 50 nuts and 100 kg of cones holds about 20 kg of nuts. The kernels can be eaten raw, roasted or prepared into sweet meats, cakes, puddings, stuffings, soups and of course the most popular usage is the Italian gourmet PESTO. It is the source of a high quality expensive oil that is made mostly in France.