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chinese Loquat Fissistigma oldhamii

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MIke T1 starts with ...
Wakey wakey and welcome to 2015 and I hope everyone is hangover free.It is hotter than hell and a rainless dustbowl in Cairns.Never has there been a greatr need for even a few drops of rain.
I have just planted seeds of the Chinese Loquat vine and can find little meaningful information on it.
Is anyone familiar with this species?
Pictures - Click to enlarge

Picture: 1
  
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MIke T1
cairns
1st January 2015 10:05am
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TMary says...
Happy New Year, Mike. Be careful what you wish for. You might get washed away in a deluge.

I don/t know it but put in the Chinese botanical name 钻山风 and found plenty of sites on it. Good medicine, it seems.
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TMary
Neutral Bay NSW
1st January 2015 1:34pm
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MIke T1 says...
Thanks Mary and I hope 2015 is a winner for you.
Interesting that this species is medicine rather than a fine fruit for consumption.From the same chinese source in Maoming I previously received some Artocarpus nanchuanensis and Garcinia oblongifolia seeds that are now germinating.I am also unsure of the fruit quality of these species also.
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MIke T1
cairns
1st January 2015 1:52pm
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TMary says...
It's the wood/roots that are used for medicine (rheumatism). There are a lot of patented medicine using it. Anyway here's something in English on one the the websites.



Fissistigma oldhamii (Hemsl.) Merr.
瓜馥木
Description from Flora of China
Melodorum oldhamii Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23: 27. 1886; Fissistigma oldhamii var. longistipitatum Tsiang.
Climbers to 8 m tall. Branchlets fulvous pubescent. Petiole ca. 1 cm, pubescent; leaf blade obovate-elliptic to oblong, 6-13 × 2-5 cm, leathery, abaxially pubescent to glabrescent, adaxially glabrous, secondary veins 10-20 on each side of midvein and adaxially flat, base broadly cuneate to rounded, apex bluntly acute, rounded, or retuse. Inflorescences in glomerules, 1-8-flowered; peduncle ca. 2.5 cm. Flowers ca. 1.5 × 1-1.7 cm. Sepals broadly triangular, 3-5(-7) × 5-6 mm, brown tomentose, apex acute. Petals pale yellow to golden; outer petals ovate-elliptic, 21-24 × 11-12 mm, thicker, outside pubescent, inside glabrous; inner petals ovate-lanceolate, ca. 20 × 6 mm, outside puberulent, inside concave and puberulent, margin ciliate. Stamens oblong, ca. 2 cm; connectives slightly curved. Carpels 24-26, golden hairy; ovules 10 per carpel; styles white; stigma apex 2-cleft. Monocarp stipes 2.5-4 cm; monocarps globose, 1.5-1.8 cm in diam., densely fulvous tomentose. Seeds 4 per monocarp, orbicular. Fl. Apr-Sep, fr. Jul-Feb.
A fine strong bast fiber is obtained from the inner bark of Fissistigma oldhamii and is used to make rope, sacks, and paper; its flowers yield a perfumed oil; the seed oil is used in cosmetics and industry; and its roots are used as medicine for traumatic injury and arthritis.
● On shrubs, often along ravines; 500-1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, SE Yunnan, S Zhejiang.
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TMary
Neutral Bay NSW
1st January 2015 2:06pm
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TMary says...
Again, from the Flora of China website:

13. Garcinia oblongifolia Champion ex Bentham, Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 311. 1851.
岭南山竹子 ling nan shan zhu zi
Trees or shrubs, 5-15 m tall, to 30 cm in diam. Bark dark gray. Branchlets usually with interrupted rings. Petiole ca. 1 cm; leaf blade oblong, obovate-oblong to oblanceolate, 5-10 × 2-3.5 cm, subleathery, midvein slightly raised adaxially, secondary veins 10-18 pairs, tertiary veins reticulate, base cuneate, margin reflexed, apex acute or obtuse. Plant dioecious; flowers solitary or in an umbel-like cyme; pedicels 3-7 mm. Male flowers: sepals suborbicular, equal, 3-5 mm; petals orange or yellowish, obovate-oblong, 7-9 mm; stamen fascicles not evident; anthers aggregated into a head, 2-celled, cells longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers: sepals and petals similar to those of males; staminode fascicles free, shorter than pistil; ovary ovoid, 8-10-loculed; style absent; stigma peltate, convex, radiately 8-10-lobed, papillate. Fruit ovoid or globose, 2-4 × 2-3.5 cm, subtended by persistent sepals at base and crowned by convex stigma. Seeds 1. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Oct-Dec.
● Dense or sparse forests on plains, hills, or in valleys; 200-400 (-1200) m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan.
The fruit is edible. The seeds yield ca. 60% oil (seed pulp up to 70% oil). The oil is used as a lubricant and for manufacturing soap. The timber is used for making furniture and woodcuts. The bark contains 3%-8% tannin.
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TMary
Neutral Bay NSW
1st January 2015 2:19pm
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TMary says...
8. Artocarpus nanchuanensis S. S. Chang et al., Acta Bot. Yunnan. 11: 29. 1989.
南川木波罗 nan chuan mu bo luo
Trees to 25 m, d.b.h. 60 cm. Bark dark brown, longitudinally furrowed. Branchlets cylindric, 7-8 mm thick, rust-colored pubescent when young. Winter buds ovate, 2-3 mm in diam., pale brown pubescent when young. Petiole 1.2-1.5 cm, densely hairy with short, coarse, and spreading hairs; leaf blade oblong to elliptic, 12-18 × 7-11 cm, leathery, abaxially grayish green but gray to brown when dry and densely covered with white coarse pubescence, adaxially dark green and sparsely covered with white coarse appressed hairs, base broadly cuneate and decurrent on petiole, margin entire or shallowly crenate, apex acute to acuminate; secondary veins 5-7 on each side of midvein, apically curved toward margin, and abaxially prominent, tertiary veins reticulate and conspicuous on both surfaces when dry. Male inflorescences 1-3.5 cm in diam. Female inflorescences yellowish brown, obovate, ca. 1.5 cm, densely covered with short white pubescence, sparsely papillate; peduncle 1.5-2 cm, densely covered with white coarse hairs; bracts papillate. Fruiting syncarp yellowish orange when mature, globose, 4-6 cm in diam., covered with short coarse hairs; peduncle 2.5-4 cm, densely covered with short coarse hairs. Drupes numerous, ± globose to ovate-elliptic, 1-1.5 cm in diam.; carpodermis thin.
* 500-600 m. Chongqing (Nanchuan).
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TMary
Neutral Bay NSW
1st January 2015 2:23pm
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MIke T1 says...
Wow Mary that is a lot of information and thank you for digging it up.There is a lot that is useful and now I just have to figure out what to do with the plants.
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MIke T1
cairns
1st January 2015 3:09pm
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TMary says...
Just a bit of cut and paste from Flora of China Mike but I have read elsewhere that one of those plants is endangered and rare (sorry forgot which one haha). The breadfruit should do well in Cairns.
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TMary
Neutral Bay NSW
1st January 2015 3:22pm
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Posts: 159
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