ACHIOTE - BIXA
Also known as annatto or the Lipstick tree, originates from South America and has spread in popularity to many parts of Asia. It is very popular in Philippine cooking. Grows and a dense small tree or shrub. The heart shaped fruits are brown or reddish brown at maturity, and are covered with short stiff hairs. When fully mature the fruits split open exposing the numerous dark red seeds. While the fruit itself is not edible, the orange-red pulp that covers the seed is used as a commercial food colouring and dye (similar to turmeric). The achiote dye is prepared by stirring the seeds in water, and is popular in South America and Asia to colour rice, desserts, butter, cheese, and many other foods. In the Philippine Islands the seeds are ground and used as a condiment. Tree is extremely beautiful in full flowering and fruiting. Can be grown in a container, prefers a frost-free climate.
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Plant Information or Specifications
Learn About Climate Zones
Learn About Propagation Methods
Max Height (when in the ground with good conditions)
Plants required to Pollinate
1 (Self Pollinating)
Learn about Pollination
Can it Handle Frosts?
Amount of leaves in Winter?
All Leaves (Evergreen)
Suitability in Pots
Is it a Dwarf Fruit Tree?
Can be pruned to 2m
Time to Fruit/Flower/Harvest
Sun or Shade
Preferred Soil Type
April, May, June, July, August, September
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