Cherry of Rio Grande

Eugenia involucrata

Cherry of the Rio Grande

Fruit Trees > Tropical Fruit Trees > Cherry of Rio Grande
This beautiful small tree has very attractive dark glossy-green waxy leaves and very ornamental bark. The showy white flowers are followed by deep purple cherry sized fruit approximately 3 weeks from the time of flowering. The fruit is the most popular substitute in warmer climates for the traditional Prunus Cherry. The fruit has a sweet juicy cherry flavour eaten fresh or can be picked at maturity , frozen for later use or used in jellies, jams and juices. This compact tree is perfect for small back yard orchards as it is well suited to container growing, still producing an abundance of fruit even when kept as a potted bush. This is advantageous as the tree can then be easily netted during fruiting time as this tree is a favourite to the birds. The tree is highly ornamental requiring very little attention and pruning to keep it looking its best. It can also be used to make a hedge. The Brazillian tree, member of the Myrtaceae, can reach up to 10 metres in its tropical forest environment, but most often reaches a comfortable height of 4-5m. They are moderately fast, preferring frequent but small balanced nutrient application and regularly watering during flowering and fruit development although the tree itself, if not expecting fruit quality in the drier years is fairly drought tolerance. The tree can tolerate temperatures down to zero degrees.


Specifications of Cherry of Rio Grande

Preferred Climate Tropical, SubtropicalLearn About Climate Zones

Grown From SeedlingLearn About Propagation Methods

Max Height (when in the ground with good conditions) 2-5m

Plants required to Pollinate 2 compatible plants (Pollination Required)Learn about Pollination

Can it Handle Frosts? Yes

Amount of leaves in Winter? All Leaves (Evergreen)

Quarantine Restrictions to these Areas SA, WA

Suitability in Pots Yes

Water Requirements Moderate Watering

Is it a Dwarf Fruit Tree? Can be pruned to 2m

Time to Fruit/Flower/Harvest 5+ Years

Sun or Shade Full (Sun:80%-100%)

Preferred Soil Type Perfect Drainage (Sand/Volcanic), Good Drainage

Soil pH Neutral (6.6-7.3pH)

Fruiting/Harvest Months October, November, December

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Extra Information

Photograph contributed by: Gomera Schrader from the Tropical Fruit Garden in the Canary Islands. See:

Cherry of Rio Grande Reviews & Tips

Star Rating

★★★★★ 5y ago


I love the look of this tree, the leaves are a brilliant green and even if I can't get it to fruit down here i'll be pretty happy with this as an ornamental.

★★★ 8y ago


Wanted to try this tree based on positive comments left by other growers. Tree is still small but doing well. The fruit is small and soft and of medium taste. Get occasional dieback of small branches.Dropped most leaves at the end of winter 2017, but t...

★★★★★ 9y ago


This apparently is the tropical version of a cherry that tastes like a cherry. Looking forward to trying one!

Mark O'connor
9y ago

Canberra , ACT, Australia

Cherry of Rio Grande

I have kept one outdoors through a Canberra winter, with temperatures down to minus 6 Celsius, and no visible frost damage. I think it was more troubled by the heavy clay. Memo to Daleys, your catalogue classes its frost-resistance as low. I'd say Medium.

★★★ 10y ago


Dying to get some fruit off this as i love cherries but so far no flowers nothing.will try that special mix of Tom Wyatt's in the spring that I've read about

★★★★ 11y ago

Unanderra, NSW, Australia

One of my favorite fruit trees.  Nice fruits, beautiful looking small tree.  Tough and easy to grow.   Fruits are much larger than expected and taste great - a cross between brazillian cherry and the true cherry.  After a record hot spell in 2011 t...

★★★ 12y ago


planted in winebarrel. Not doing to well at the moment so i put it down to winter. it should take off in spring..

★★★★ 12y ago

Winmalee, NSW, Australia

only now starting to establish and grow really well

★★ 12y ago

Narre Warren South, VIC, Australia

Seems to be growing quite slowly. But it's that's a good sign!

12y ago

Canberra, ACT, Australia

Cherry of Rio Grande

Its says high frost tolerance but alos says ok to zero degrees. Has anyone had experience growing these in areas where it gets to about -5? Thank you!

★★★ 12y ago

Worongary, QLD, Australia

I have finally had a taste of a cherry of the rio grande!!!  I wasn't that impressed at first, as it had quite a sour taste.....but I found that if you waited till they actually dropped off the tree they are pretty good.A really easy tree to look afte...

Catherine Scott
13y ago

Surrey Hills, VIC, Australia

Cherry of Rio Grande

Will this fruit in half shade?

David White
15y ago

Newcastle, NSW, Australia

Cherry of Rio Grande

Great value little tree. Tough, reasonably fast, productive and ornamental. Needs decent watering until established. Fertilise with dynamic lifter, apply potash late Winter, mulch well. Delicious fruit. Makes good wine and fruit puddings.

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