Daleys Fruit Tree Nursery
duriun trees: have you seen any
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Salak (Salacca edulis for Bali or Salacca wallichiana for Thai) – Called Sala or Rakum in Thai or Tagalog in Filipino. Also known as snake fruit or snakeskin fruit for its scaly appearance. It is a favorite fruit of Indonesia but very little known and seldom grown outside of its region of origin, Indonesia and Malaysia. Because of its quality as a fresh fruit, there is considerable interest in establishing it in other parts of the world. It occurs wild but is also found in carefully cultivated plantations. The palm has a very short or stemless trunk with pinnate fronds that grows in the rain forest as an understory tree. It is a thorny devil, and the bronze colored (1 is yellowish, 1 is brownish) fruits, borne in compact clusters among the branches, are difficult to harvest. The fruits appear to be covered with a scaly skin, the exocarp, which in reality is easily cut and removed from the fruit. The flesh is in 1 to 3 segments. Some have 2 undeveloped segments. For each developed segment, it normally contains a dark brown seed. The pulp is whitish or yellowish, soft but firm, with an unusual aroma and a sweet to subacid taste. The unripe fruits may be pickled and the ripe fruits may be cooked as preserves. Ripe fruits do not keep for more than a few days. Most of the salak palms are clearly male or female, but hermaphroditic palms occur on the island of Bali, and are much appreciated for the quality of their fruits. While palms may be grown from seeds, selected plants can be preserved by two techniques that depend on the tendency of the plant to multiply itself rapidly by rooted offshoots. However, removal of the sideshoots is a difficult process. In addition, the long, slim trunks can bend over and touch the soil, where they root readily and may be removed as separate plants. Growing conditions require high temperature and humidity throughout the year. Frost tender and sun sensitive when young. High and continuous water requirement. Take 4 year to bear fruits. Non-seasonal, flowers develop from June onwards. The Balinese Salaks have male and female (hot pink color) flowers on the one flower spike. The tiny male flowers are at the tip of the spike. To improve fruit set, it is recommended that the pollen from the Javanese male plants be hand pollinated onto bisexual varieties. Fruit takes 6 months to mature. Pick bunch when the individual fruit are easily picked. Must not show green colour under the skin. Pink spears pop up from the soil during germination. Baby shoots are quite cool tolerant to 2C. The Bali Salak is monoecious and bears brown skin fruits. The Thai Salak is diecious and bears red skin fruits.
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